The mosquito is a lot of more probable to transmit dengue fever and also the Aedes albopictus, the chikungunya virus. However, each kinds of mosquitoes will transmit the diseases. Both diseases ARE on the increase.
Chikungunya is an endemic in the African continent AND India, was unknown till the year 2008 when Singapore had its 1st local transmitted case. A major outbreak followed, with 690 individuals dying of it that year and another 343 the subsequent year.
But the National Environmental Agency stopped the chain of transmissions, leading to a reduction in the figure from 3 to 6 infected individuals reported annually for the past 3 years. So far this year, 186 individuals have been infected.
Dengue fever is additionally rampant this year, with the amount of cases hitting over 8K as of last week. this is fifty per cent more than the 4,632 cases seen within the whole of last year. there were 5,330 reported cases in 2011. A person may be infected with both diseases at the same time.
Symptoms for chikungunya and dengue ARE virtually identical - high fever, headache, eye ache, joint pain, rashes and lethargy. Several ways may be used for diagnosis. Blood tests can be used to identify the dengue virus or chikungunya within the 1st few days of infection.
The fatigue that's caused by the diseases may last weeks and even months. In some cases, the joint pain caused by chikungunya might persist for many months, or years perhaps.
Chikungunya is never fatal, however Dengue may be. Currently, no immunization vaccine has been produced for either dengue or chikungunya. vaccines ARE in the testing stages and may be approved soon